The name Rotterdam comes from the stream of the Rotter River and the Dutch word Dam in the city centre. It is located on the banks of the New Maas River in the Rhine Estuary in the southwestern part of the Netherlands, 28 km from the North Sea. It is the largest port in Europe and the second largest city in the Netherlands. 40% of the city is below sea level.
Famous museums and art galleries, world-class universities and many other tourist attractions make it a unique city. Art fans don’t even need to enter the museum to view art in Rotterdam, because the city is lined with free outdoor art galleries. Pablo Picasso’s 46-ton Sylvette is located at the intersection of the Museum Park and Westersingel, forming a side by side with Rotterdam’s Westersingel Canal Sculpture route.
Rotterdam opened the Markthal in October 2014, a covered market hall and apartment complex, making the city a radical landmark for tourists. The apartment is arched over 96 stalls, selling everything from Dutch cheese to fresh fish and many other local delicacies and drinks. The ceiling of Markthal contains the largest artwork in the world. "Horn of Plenty" by Arno Coenen spans 13,000 square yards. It is a colourful artwork depicting fruits rolling down from the summer sky, grazing Cow and flowers. There are many bars, cafes and restaurants on Witte de Withstraat, a bustling street in the centre of Rotterdam’s nightlife.
Rotterdam is cold in winter and cool in summer. Especially from the end of March to the end of May, when the rainfall is low and the climate is pleasant, it is the most energetic time in Rotterdam. At the same time, Rotterdam at this time is in the flower season and you can enjoy the beautiful blooming tulip fields. However, the climate from January to March and November and December is harsh for travellers. At this time, Rotterdam is very rainy, often accompanied by strong winds, humidity and low temperature.Rotterdam has a temperate maritime climate with cool winters and cool summers, long rainy seasons and heavy rainfall, with an average of about 300 days of rain a year. Therefore, rain gear must almost always be prepared. The spring climate is mild and you can wear a coat. In summer, short sleeves are usually worn in the daytime, but thin warm clothing is recommended for mornings, evenings and nights. Winters in Rotterdam witness not only heavy rainfall, but strong winds and insufficient light.